LIFE & TIMES OF OUR NABI (SA) 2nd Post

 

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Abrahah had built a large magnificent church in San’a in order to attract large Arab pilgrims to it to the exclusion of going to Makkah, which was their tradition.

A man from Kinanah tribe understood the motive and one night he desecrated the church by smearing the walls with animal excrement. This act enraged Abrahah and he set out with a large army with elephants to destroy Kaba.

When he reached the Muhassir Valley between Muzdalifah and Mina the Elephants ( numbering between 9 to 13) refused to march towards Kaba but would move in other directions when ordered.

In vaaz Majlis we have been hearing in detail about this historical incident which is said to have happened 50 to 55 days before the birth of our Nabi ( SA) in 571 AD.

It came to be known as a divine sign of the land of Arabia to be blessed by a Prophet – khatamun Nabi ( SA)

The Roman and Persian empires stood for the powerful civilized world at that time, and the annihilation of the army of Abrahah showed the world the eminence of Kaba.

Abdul Muttalib had ten sons and Moulana Abdullah was the most loved and of excellent character.

Abdul Muttalib had taken a vow during the finding of Zamzam that he would sacrifice one of his sons if he was blessed with ten sons.

He proceeded to honour his vow and in accordance with the tradition of their times the divinity arrows were cast, and nine times the name of his beloved Abdullah came up, but when it was cast for the tenth time the name of camel was divined and thus Abdul Muttalib sacrifised 100 camels as diya ( compensation ) of one human life was ten camels as per the Arab custom of that time.

It is in reference to the above historical incident that Nabi ( SA) used to say : I am the offspring of the slaughtered two ( Meaning Nabi Ishmael and Moulana Abdullah )

Moulana Abdul Muttalib chose Moulatena Aminah as wife for his son Moulana Abdulllah. Her father was the chief of Bani Zahra to whome great honour was attributed.

Moulatena Aminah was the daughter of Wahab b Abd Manaf and she stood eminent in respect of nobility of position and descent.

At the time of marriage she was under the guardianship of her paternal uncle Wuhayb whose daughter Halah bint Wuhayb was married to Abdul Muttalib and Moulana Hamzah was their son.

They were married in Makkah and soon after Moulana Abdullah set out on a trade journey and died in Madinah at the age of twenty five years.

Muhammad ( SA) was born two months before the death of his father and in some account it is stated as two months after the death of his father. He was born in Makkah on 12th Rabi ul Awaal ( 20th April 571 AD ) in the same year of the Elephant incident and during the reign of Kisra ( Khosru Nurshiwan)

Moulana Abdulllah left very little wealth – five camels, a small number of goats and a maid servant Barakah called Umm Ayman who later served as Nabi ( SA) nurse maid and the first to be confided to by Moulana Aminah that she was pregnant.

There are many traditions related to the birth of our beloved Nabi ( SA) Moulatena Aminah feeling no pain and discomfort when Muhammad ( SA) was born and a light emitting from her womb that made everything bright between East and West and the child Muhammad ( SA) fell on the earth resting his hands and raising his head to the heavens.

Many glorious signs preceeding his birth have been related in Vaaz majlis.

Moulana Abdul Muttalib was informed and he came and carried the most blessed child to Kaba and prayed to Allah and thanked HIM profusely.

The prophesies of Torah and Bible proved true.

Moulana Aminah had recited the following elegy on the death of Moulana Abdullah ( SA)

With child of Hashim ( meaning Abdullah) the edge of Batha is effaced, and it was laid into the grave far from this place amidst mourning ..
By night when they were carrying his bier, the people in large numbers, changed it from hand to hand
No matter, if he is dead; because his noble deeds have survived him, as he was very generous and compassionate.

Two noble traits that of generosity and compassion have been the hallmark of the ancestors of Muhammad ( SA) which reached its zenith in the person of our beloved Nabi ( SA ) who came to be known as the best of Allah’s creation.

In Sehrullah let us seek Ahlaq mahmooda, there are in all 152 as given in Kitab ‘ Nafhaat Husnil Khulq ( behtar akhlaq ni khusboo – 1418 H ) what better and best way but to seek but by tilawat of Imam Ali Zayn al Abedeen Dua – Makarim Al Akhlaq ( Bihori kitab 2nd part pages 78 to 84)

It was the general custom of the Arabs living in towns to send their children to grow up with bedouin nurses so that they might grow up in free and healthy surroundings of the desert developing a healthy body and thus be free of lethargy on account of constricted space in towns.

It was a year of draught when ten nursing women came to Makkah from Banu Sa’ad b Bakr tribe , seeking foster children to nurse. Nabi ( SA) being orphan and the family having nothing much to offer, the women were not that much inclined.

In the words of Halimah who came with her husband al Harith riding a brown mule and an old she camel, they had nothing to eat and by evening all others in the group who had managed to get children to nurse were preparing to leave, so she told her husband ” I do not like to go back along with other women without a baby. I will take the orphan” to which her husband replied ” perhaps Allah might bless us through him”

As Allah Willed the life of Halimah changed thereafter for the better in all respects and they became very prosperous and envy of others who had refused to take and orphan to nurse.

After two years, as was the custom they brought back Nabi ( SA) to her mother and narrated all the good fortune that they had received on account of the child.

At that time a certain infection was spreading in Makkah and Moulatena Aminah was worried and Halimah was also very eager to take back Nabi ( SA) so it was agreed that Nabi ( SA) would be returned to her after two years.

During this period when Nabi ( SA) was out playing with friends that the incident we hear in Vaaz of two angles coming and opening up the chest of Nabi ( SA) and extracting a blood clot happened.

This incident unnerved Halimah family and they feared for the life of Nabi ( SA) who was taken back to her mother.

When Nabi ( SA) was around six years Moulatena Aminah decided to visit the grave of her husband and set out on a journey with Abdul Muttalib and her maid servant Umm Ayman.

After staying in Madinah for a month they started on the return journey an enroute Moulatena Aminah fell ill and died at Abwa.

Many years later Nabi ( SA) during his Umrah al Hudaybiyah came to Abwa and got the grave repaired and wept along with the muslims accompanying him.

Abdul Muttalib was grief stricken and on returning to Makkah showed much passion and care to his grandson and always preffered him over his own children and lavished much love and affection.

In the shade of Kabah a mattress was always spread for Abdul Muttalib to sit, and he used to make Nabi ( SA) sit with him, as all his sons and family would sit around it.

When Nabi (SA) was eight years and two months old Moulana Abdul Muttalib died and the responsibility passed on to Moulana Abi Talib.

Moulana Abu Talib likewise showered much care and affection and he remained with Nabi ( SA) extending all possible support and protection for the next forty years.

Like Moulana Abdul Muttalib Moulana Abu Talib would take his meal with Nabi ( SA) and would sleep besides him and always addressed the Nabi ( SA) as the blessed one.

It is reported that during a rainless year the Makkans requested Moulana Abi Talib to pray for rain as people were starving.

Jalhamah b Arfutah narrates : ” Abu Talib came to Kabah with a young boy who was as beautiful as the sun and a black cloud was over his head. They stood by the wall of the Kabah and prayed for rain, and immediately clouds gathered and heavy rain fell and Makkans celebrated.”

Muhammad (SA) when he was 12 years old undertook a trip to Syria in the company of Moulana Abu Talib, and in this journey he met Buhirah.

When they reached Busra (which was a part of Syria, under the Roman domain) they met the monk named Buhirah. He came out to meet them, and readily recognised the Prophet, and said while taking his hand –” This is the master of all humans, Allah will send him with a Message, which will be a mercy to all beings”

Abu Talib (SA) asked: How do you know that? He replied: ” When you appeared from the direction of ‘Aqabah, all stones and trees prostrated, which they never do except for the Prophet. I can also recognise him by the Seal of  Prophethood, which is below his shoulder like an apple. He also asked Abu Talib (SA) to send Muhammad (SA) back to Makkah and not to take him to Syria for the fear of Romans and Jews. Thus Muhammad (SA) was sent back to Makkah in company of men servants.

At the age of 25 Muhammad (SA) went to Syria as a merchant on behalf of Khadija (SA) in company of Maisarah the servant of Khadijah (SA).  Maisarah narrated to Khadija(SA) the sincerity, honesty, noble virtues and manners of Muhammad (SA) who returned with more profits and greater blessings.

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Home of Moulatena Khadija ( AS)

Many prominent men had asked for her hand, but she had refused. Now she disclosed her wish to her friend Nafisa, daughter of Muniyah, who immediately conveyed the tidings to Muhammad (SA)

The marriage was witnessed by Bani Hashim and the chiefs of Mudar. He gave 20 camels as dowry. Khadijah (SA) daughter of Khuwailid was forty year of age, and was considered the best of women in lineage, fortune and wisdom.

With the exception of Ibrahim, Khadijah (SA) bore all of his children. Al-Qasim, Zainab, Ruqaiyah, Umm Kulthum, Fatimah and Abdullah, who was called Taiyeb and Tahir. All his sons died in their childhood and all daughters except Ma Fatimah ( SA) died during his life time. All his daughters witnessed Islam, embraced it, and emigrated to Madinah.

When Muhammad (SA) was 35 years of age the Quraish started rebuilding of Al-Ka’bah
-it was not more than 9 arm’s length and roofless from the time of Ishmael (SA) Heavy rains had damaged the edifice.

The chiefs of Quraish decided to use licit money in re-building the Ka’bah, so all money derived from immoral means, usury or unjust practice was excluded. They were at first too fearful to knock down the walls, but Al Walid bin Al- Mughirah began the task. Seeing that no harm had happened to him, the others participated in demolishing the walls, until they reached the basis laid by Ibrahim Nabi (SA) When they started rebuilding the walls, they divided the work among the tribes.

The man who laid the stones was a Roman named Baqum. The work went on in harmony, until the time came to place the sacred Black stone in its position. Then strife broke out among the chiefs, and lasted for four or five days. Daggers were on the point of being drawn and great blood shed seemed imminent. Luckily, the oldest among the chiefs, Abu Umaiyah bin Mughirah Al-Makhzumi made a proposal that was accepted by all. He said: ‘ Let him, who enters the Sanctuary first of all, decide on the point.’

It was then Allah’s Will that the Messenger of Allah (SA) should be the first to enter Ka’bah. On seeing him, all of them cried out aloud Al Ameen (trustworthy) has come. We are content to abide by his decision.”

They informed him of their objective. He asked for a mantle spreading it on the ground and placing the stone in its center. He then asked the representatives of different clans among them to lift the mantle. When it reached the proper place, Muhammad (SA) laid it in the proper place, with his own hands. This is how a very tense situation was eased and a grave danger averted by the wisdom of the Prophet (SA)

When the building of Al –Ka’bah was finished, it assumed a square form about 15 mtrs: high. The side with the Black Stone and the one opposite were 10 mtrs: long each. The Black Stone was 1.5 mtrs: from the ground level, The two other sides were 12 mtrs: long each. The door was 2 mtrs: high from the level ground.  A roof was erected which rested on 6 columns.

Muhammad (SA) was accustomed to pass long hours meditating and speculating over all aspects of creation around him. He used to provide himself with Saweek ( barley porridge) and water and directly head towards the hills and ravines in the  neighborhood of Makkah. His favorite resort was a cave named HIRA.

Hira on Mount An-Noor was 2 miles from Makkah – a small cave 4 arms length long & 1.75 arm’s length wide. In  Ramadan he used to meditate there, and this seclusion attended with sort of reflective approach, must be understood in its Divine perspective. It was a preliminary stage to the grave responsibilities that he was to shoulder very soon. It was a rich period of privacy, which lasted for three years  prior to the beginning of his mission.

When he was forty, the signs of Prophethood  started to appear and twinkle on the horizons of life. The stones of Makkah would greet himwith Salam.
He would not have a dream except that it would become a reality, as clear as dawn, this lasted for six months.

 

 

In Ramadan, in his third year of solitude, in the cave of Hira, Allah’s Will desired His mercy to flow on earth, and the light of Revelation of the Qur’an burst upon him in the cave of Hira.

After a pause of a few days, Revelations started coming strongly, frequently and regularly.

From tonight begins Layali Fazela honouring and remembering the noble, revered and blessed, mothers of Islam.

Today’s post salutes the most gracious mother who was the very emboan embodiment of altruism,
an embodiment of piety and grace. A bedrock when Islam needed her the most.

MOULATENA KHADIJAH BINTE KHAWAYLID

Moulatena  Khadijah was born in 554 AD to Khawaylid bin Asad and Fatima binte Zaid. She was a wealthy, matronly figure, a rarity for pagan Arabs, who considered women sub human, buried their daughters alive at birth, and freely traded their wives, considering them as personal property.

In such an environment, Moulatena Khadijah was an exceptional woman. She was not only of noble birth but wealthy and independent by virtue of managing her own trade business. She had married Abu Halah Malik bin Nasbash and borne him two children when his untimely death widowed her. She then married Atiquee bin Aith bin Abdullah and bore him a child. Being twice widowed already and a mother of three children at forty, she was perhaps Allah’s best choice for Muhammad (SA) who needed an anchor and support at a critical juncture of his life.

Moulatena Khadijah at first engaged Muhammad (SA) services, hearing of his impeccable reputation, and he took a trade caravan to Syria on her behalf. Upon his return it was Moulatena Khadijah, who took the initiative of proposing marriage to Muhammad (SA) The marriage was then formally arranged through their respective uncles, as their respective fathers were both deceased. Moulana Abu Talib and ‘Amr bin Asad the uncle of Moulatena Khadija.

Muhammad (SA) was twenty five and she was forty, at the time of marriage, and for the next twenty five years, she supported his cause and suffered deprivations stoically during the last three years of her life when the Makkans boycotted the Hashim clan.

This marriage was a blissful one. He lived his life as a content family man until age forty, when Nubuwat was bestowed upon him. From that year onwards he got involved in trials and tribulations, that is the lot of all Divinely – guided spiritual reformers.

This marriage of Muhammad (SA) remained the most dominant relationship in his life.

Moulatena Khadijah bore the prophet six children, their names in chronological order are : – Qasim, Zaynab, Ruqqaya, Umme Kulthum, Ma Fatima, and Abdullah ( also named Taiyeb – Taher ) Of these the two sons did not live past infancy.
The marriage of Muhammad (SA) and Moulatena Khadijah was a union where the emotional connection was primary pillar in their relationship. She was the one who supported him like a bedrock, when the entire Makkah was against Nabi ( SA)

It was Moulatena Khadijah who after the first revelation was received, and Muhammad (SA) was in a state of confusion, she was the one who was steadfast in faith and provided succour and comfort. She took Muhammad (SA) to her cousin Waraqah bin Nawfil, a Christian convert. Waraqah affirmed that it was indeed the archangel Jibraeel of the Abrahamic tradition, who had descended to him by the command of Allah, and confirmed the Nubuwat.

She was the first to declare her faith in Islam. The support of Moulatena Khadijah was even more crucial when there was a time lag between the second and third revelation. Moulatena Khadijah’s support and faith was unwavering.

Her wealth was primarily spent on charity. In the last ten years of her life, she lived a life of immense hardship, as the wife of a Prophet struggling to bring people to believe in the unseen God – just as Nabi Musa and Nabi Isa had suffered persecution.

Moulatena Khadijah passed away peacefully in 619 AD at the age of sixty five, and created a void in the life of Muhammad (SA) which he felt as long as he lived. His sense of loss and pining for Moulatena Khadijah is evident from an account given by one of his wife, who recounted how Muhammad (SA) would go pale and tremble, on hearing the voice of Umme Hala, who sounded like her deceased sister Moulatena Khadijah.

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The status and affection held by Muhammad (SA) for Moulatena Khadijah is evident from the fact that he cherished her memory by sending her close circle of friends, a portion of meat from his own sheep sacrifices. ( When I read it for the first time, it brought tears)

Considering that Muhammad (SA) and his wives led a life of extreme poverty, the sharing of meat with the friends of Moulatena Khadijah, speaks of his love for her.

Moulatena Khadijah thus set a benchmark for a perfect wife in Islam. The cornerstone of a vibrant and healthy relationship is love, sincerity and trust.

This Akhbar is thus Anwaar for all mumina who wish to become ideal life partner.

BATTLE OF BADR
17th Ramazan 2 AH

The Jewish tribes settled in an around Medinah betrayed the terms of the Charter.

No kindness or generosity, however, on the part of the Prophet would satisfy the Jews. Enraged that they could not use him as their instrument for the conversion of Arabia to Judaism, the tribes of BANI-UN-NAZIR, BANI KHURAIZHA, BANI KAINUKA soon broke off and ranged themselves with the enemies of the new faith.

They deliberately mispronounced the Koranic words rendering them meaningless and absurd. There were many Jewish poets and poetesses, who made fun of the faithful, particularly Muslim women. They secretly associated with the Koreish idolaters and Abdullah bin Ubay the leader of Munafikins, who saw his dreams of becoming king of Medinah gathering dust.

And now came the moment of severest trial to Islam. Barely had the prophet time to put the city in a state of defence, before the blow descended upon him.

Abu Sufiyan was leading a large caravan carrying expensive goods and as he was passing from near Medinah, in the month of Safar, he became afraid of being ambushed by Muslims.

He dispatched a fast rider to Makkah who wrongly said the caravan has been ambushed.
The Makkans fearing that all their goods will be lost, decided to march towards Madinah with a large force.

Chieftains of different tribes, armed from head to foot, started pouring into the streets of Makkah and in a short while an army of one thousand was charging towards Medinah. The sole mission was to destroy the muslims once and for all.

Here in Medinah, the Muslims were surrounded by hostile Jewish tribes and the Trojan horse presence of hypocrites in the heart of the city.

The people who could fight hardly numbered 313. Only three of them had horses and there were not more than seventy camels. The fighting hardware was grossly inadequate; only six had armour on their bodies.

They were pitted against a foe of a thousand, well equipped men under the command of Utabah bin Rabiyah.

The meagre means notwithstanding, the Prophet, banking on divine help

AT TAUBAH ayat 14 – (fight against them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of believing people).
left Medinah, heading south west, and on sixteenth of Ramadan reached a village by the name of BADR about eighty miles away from Medinah. The Quraish army was on the other fringe of the valley.

By now the Quraish had learnt about the safety of their trade caravan, and since the cause of war had ceased to exist, bloodshed should have been avoided. But Abu Jahl (the father of ignorance) the bitterest enemy of Islam show a rare opportunity of crushing the Islamic movement once and for all.

THE BATTLE FIELD

The Quraish were strategically well poised. The ground under their feet was hard. But the Muslims were on softer terrain. It was sandy and their feet sank into it. The night before the decisive morning, the muslims slept but the Prophet was in continual prayers.

Fasting had become obligatory in the same year, and the muslims were being tested in the first month of Ramadan. They were put to fight an enemy three times their size.

Two things happened that night which manifested Allah’s Words. First, they slept well and woke up fresh in the morning. Second, it rained, which imparted strength to the sandy terrain on which they had camped. But the same rain had adverse effect on the enemy side. The ground turned muddy, and they found their feet sinking into it.

BEGINNING OF THE BATTLE

Strange was the scene, when the two armies faced each other. 313 muslims, barely armed and up against all authority but that of ALLAH, were poised against more than one thousand infidels, armed to teeth with singular passion burning in their bosom to fight and destroy them. When Mohammad (S.A.) saw the infidel army arrogantly advancing, he raised his hands in supplication to Allah and with tears dripping on his beard, he implored : O Allah! These Quraish banking upon their number and their arms have come to prove your Apostle a liar. O Allah send now your help that You promised me. O Allah ! if today this small party is vanquished, there will be none to offer you pure worship.

Three Quraish advanced into the open space, and according to Arab custom, challenged three champions from the Muslim ranks for single combat. Hamza (S.A.) Ali (S.A.) and Obaidah accepted the challenge and came out victorious.

The general engagement commenced. It was a stormy winter day. A piercing blast swept across the valley. True to the Koranic word the angels were fighting the idolaters. The blast of wind and sand, appeared as veritable succour sent from heaven. The angels riding of the wings of wind, drove the faithless idolaters and oppressors into confusion.

The Meccans were driven back with great loss. Abu Jahl fell victim to his own pride. About 70 people from the Quraish side were killed and an equal number captured. The muslim toll was six emigres and eight ansars.

The rest of the prisoners, contrary to all Arab practises and tradition were treated with greatest humanity. The humanity shown made one prisoner say this ” Blessings be on the men of Medinah! They made us ride, while they themselves walked, they gave us wheaten bread to eat when there was little of it, contending themselves with dates”.

The prisoners who could afford it were released by making payment in compensation for the war waged against the Muslim. Those who were poor but literate were released on the condition that each would teach reading and writing skills to a batch of ten children. This goes to show the priority given to education by the Prophet.

THE EFFECTS OF BADR

The remarkable circumstances which led to the victory of Badr and the results which followed from it, made a deep impression on the minds of the muslims. They firmly believed that the angels of heaven had battled on their side against the idolaters. This was the first major blow that came from Allah as part of His promised punishment for the non-believers for their refusal to accept Islam.

For  the first three years after the first Revelation,  Muhammad (SA) propagated Islam in secret, to a selective  few. In spite of the secretive call, news leaked to the Quraish, but they paid little attention to it, since the Prophet was not assaulting their religion nor speaking about their gods.

For three underground years of activism, a group of believers emerged stamped by a spirit of  brotherhood and cooperation, with one definite objective in their mind, that of, propagating and deeply establishing the call of Islam.

Then came the Revelation : ‘ And warn your tribe of near kindred’  [ 26:214]

Now the time had come to preach the faith openly, the duty to publicize it for his people, to confront them, invalidate their falsehood, and crush down their idolatrous practices.

In obedience to Allah’s Commands, Muhammad (SA) called his kinsmen of Bani Hashim. There counted forty five men.

Abu Lahab showed his enmity by taking the initiative of speaking in a threatening tone, in reply to which Moulana Abu Talib (SA) replied : ” We love to help you, accept your advice and believe in your words. These are your kinspeople whom you have gathered and I am one of them and I am the fastest to do what you like. Do what you have been ordered, I shall protect and defend you…”

Once Muhammad (SA) became sure of Moulana Abu Talib’s commitment to protect him, while he called the people unto Allah, he stood up on Mount Safa one day and called out loudly

” Ya Sabahah!” (this is an Arabic expression used when one appeals for help or draws the attention of others to some danger) Groups of Quraish came to him. He called them to Tawhid, faith in Allah, his Messengership and the Day of Resurrection.

It was when many women also came and among them was Moulatena Fatema bt. Asad b. Hashim the second women in Islam after Moulatena Khadija ( SA) to give misaq and accept Islam. Tonight she will be in our remembrance and vasila.

The Prophet’s voice kept reverberating in Makkah and the following Verse was revealed:

‘ Therefore proclaim openly that which you are commanded, and turn away from Al-Mushrikun (polytheists) [15:94]

Allah’s Messenger (SA) began to proclaim the invitation to Islam at the gatherings and assemblies of the polytheists. He began to worship Allah right before their eyes, praying aloud in Ka’bah during the day time while they watched. He started disapproving the superstitious practices of idolatry, and revealing its worthless reality and utter uselessness.

All this resulted in increased acceptance of the call, people were entering Allah’s religion one after another. This caused enmity to develop between the converts and their relatives, and it all made the Quraish shudder in disgust over what they saw.

Having fully perceived that Muhammad (SA) could never be prevented from accomplishing his mission, the Quraish became really frightened and in a desperate attempt to suppress the tidal wave started resorting to cheap means. They started taunting, degrading, ridiculing, especially the new converts in general and Muhammad (SA) in particular.

Among the early converts, there was a group who had unfortunately no strong clan to support them These innocent souls faced inhuman torture.

They started distorting Muhammad (SA) teachings, creating doubts, circulating false propaganda, allegations etc: An-Nadr who got himself acquainted with old history and tales, would follow Muhammad (SA) and after him would narrate the stories of yore, and taking help of female singers and their body charms, would try to entice away from Islam anyone developing the least attachment to Muhammad (SA)

By the middle of the fourth year of the Call, the Quraish realized that their taunts and propaganda had failed to stem the tide, and becoming desperate they started torturing the converts.

Read about the cruelty by the Quraish on the hapless who had no clan loyalty

https://eidizahabi.blogspot.com/2013/09/make-your-choice.html

The pagans would also throw some of the converts into animal enclosures and then drag them into hot sun. They would put iron armor on some of them and throw them upon boulders to fry in the desert sun.

As for the prophet, it was not easy to harm him because he had such significance, nobility and matchless perfection of character that prevented his enemies from committing any act of foolishness against him. Moreover, there was also full support of Moulana Abu Talib (SA)

The Quraish infidels found to their horror the power of Islam rapidly and steadily marching to cancel their religious and worldly authority.  The notables approached Moulana Abu Talib (SA) and pleaded with him to restrain Muhammad (SA) from cursing their gods, finding faults with their way of life etc: When they came a second time Moulana Abu Talib (SA) called his nephew and narrated the appeals made by the Quraish chieftains, to refrain from propagating Islam.

Muhammad (SA) replied : ‘ O my uncle ! By Allah, if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left on condition that I abandon this course. I would not abandon it until Allah has made me victorious or I perish therein.’

Thus saying as Muhammad (SA) got up and turned away, his uncle called him and said: ‘ Come back my nephew’ and when he came back , he said, ‘ Go and preach what you please, for by Allah, I will never forsake you.’

He then recited two lines of verse with significant meanings of full support to the Prophet (SA) and absolute gratification by the course that his beloved nephew had chalked out in Arabia.

“Wal’lahey Layn Yasallu ilaiyka Bey’jamihim;

Hatta O Was’sada Fit Turabey Dafina”

Wallah! They (Mushrikeen of Quraysh) will never hurt you even if they have large force and power, till the time I am buried in the grave.

“F’asd’a Bey Amreka Ma Aliyka Ghizazah;

W’abshir Bey’zaka Waqarra Minka Uyuna”

You continue Dawat with full force, no one has power to stop you; be happy and may Allah always cool your eyes.

Note: The above verses are taken from the article :

The Founder of N’aat Legacy by Qazi Dr. Shaikh Abbas Borhany.

The heathen Quraish now became desperate and started atrocities against Allah’s Messenger. Abu Lahab took the initiative in the new series of persecutions. He started throwing stones at Muhammad (SA) until his ankles bled, showing delight on his second son’s  death and calling Muhaamd (SA) ‘ the man cut off  with offsprings’  Allah revealed Surat Al Kawthar to assuage his Prophet.

Abu Lahab’s wife Umm Jamil bint Harb, the sister of Abu Sufyan had also her share  in this merciless campaign. She proved she was no less than her husband in the enmity and hatred . In order to cause bodily injury to Muhammad (SA) she used to tie bundles of thorns with ropes of twisted palm leaf fiber and scatter them in the paths of the Prophet (SA)

She was really an ill mannered and bad tempered woman with abusive language, skilled in the art of hatching intrigues and en-kindling the fire of enmity and hatred. She was deservedly stained as ‘ the carrier of firewood’ in the Noble Qur’an.

Ibn Ishaq said: ‘ The group of those who used to harm Allah’s Messenger (SA) in his house included Abu Lahab, Al-Hakam bin Abul-‘As bin Umaiyah, ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu’ait, ‘Adi bin Hamrah’ Ath Thaqafi and Ibn Al-Asda’ Al-Hudhali. All these were his neighbours. One of them would throw the womb of  a sheep on him while he was praying, another would throw it in his prepared pot (of food)

To this insensitive torture Muhammad (SA) would say ” O Bani ‘Abd Manaf ! what kind of neighborly treatment is this ?” He would bear this inhuman tortures with fortitude and continue with his Mission.

The first migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) took place in Rajab in the fifth year of the Prophethood. A group comprising of twelve men and four women left in the dark of the night,  and reached the Port of Shu’aibah were two boats were ready to take them to the court of Ashamah, who held the title of Negus, and this group of emigrants were received warmly and accorded due hospitality.

The news of the hospitality and good treatment accorded to the emigrants reached the Makkans, and the polytheists became more annoyed and started to inflict more horrible ill-treatment and tortures to the Muslims.

In due course, another group managed to evade the Makkans and managed to emigrate to Abyssinia. This group comprised of eighty three men and nineteen, or in some versions eighteen women. It included Moulana Ja’far bin Abi Talib.

The Quraish could not tolerate the prospect of secure and safe place available for the Muslims in Abyssinia, so they dispatched two messengers to demand their expulsions. They were the wily ‘Amr bin Al-‘As and Abdullah bin Abi Rabi’ah. They had taken with them valuable gifts to the king and his clergy, and had been able to win some courtiers over to their side.

However, the eloquence of Moulana Ja’far bin Abi Talib made a very favorable impression on Negus, who was convinced of the Truth. He returned the gifts of the Quraish and sent both the messengers back, licking their wounds. He assured the Muslims full protection. The Muslims lived in Abyssinia undisturbed for a number of years.

to be contd :

http://www.hikmaah.com

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